Alba, J.W., Chromiak, W., Hasher, L., & Attig, M.S. (1980) Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 6, 4, 370-378.
Anderson, R.C. & Watt, G.H. (1969) Bidirectional associations in multi-trial free recall. Psychonomic Science, 15, 288-289
Bäckman, L. & Larsson, M. (1992) Recall of organizable words and objects in adulthood: Influences of instructions, retention interval, and retrieval cues. Journal of Gerontology:, 47, 4, P273-P278.
Bäckman, L. et Wahlin, A. (1995) Influences if item organizability and semantic retrieval cues on word recall in very old age. Aging and Cognition, 2, 4, 312-325.
Blachstein, H., Vakil, E. & Hoofien, D. (1993) Impaired learning in patients with closed-head injuries: An analysis of components of the acquisition process. Neuropsychology, 7, 530-535.
Bousfield, W.A. (1953) The occurrence of clustering in the recall of randomly arranged associates. Journal of General Psychology, 49, 229-240.
Burack, O.R. & Lachman, M.E. (1996) The effect of list-making on recall in young abd elderly adults. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 51B, 226-233.
Burn, D.J. (1993) Item gains and losses during hypermnesic recall: Implications for the item-specific-relational information distinction. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 19, 163-173.
Content A., Mousty, P., Radeau, M. (1990) Brulex une base de données lexicales informatisées pour le Français parlé et écrit. L'Année Psychologique, 90, 551-566.
Davis, H.P., Trussell, L.H. & Klebe, K.J. (2001) A ten-year longitudinal examination of repetition priming, incidental recall, free recall, and recognition in young and elderly. Brain & Cognition, 46, 99-104.
Delbecq-Derouesné, J. & Beauvois, M. (1989) Memory processes and aging: A defect of automatic rather than controlled processes? Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Suppl., 1, 121-150.
Dunlosky, J. & Salthouse, T.A. (1996) A decomposition of age-related differences in multitrial free recall. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 3, 1, 2-14.
Einstein, G.O., & Hunt, R.R. (1980) Level of processing and origination: additive effects of individual item and relational processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory , 6, 588-598.
Folstein, M.F., Folstein, S.E., & McHugh, P.R. (1975) “ Mini-mental state: ” A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 12, 189-198.
Hanson, C. & Hirst, W. (1988) Frequency encoding of token and type information. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 14, 2, 289-297.
Howard, M. & Kahana, M.J. (1999) Contextual variability and serial position effects in free recall. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory & Cognition, 25, 923-941.
Hultsch, D.F. (1974) Learning to learn in adulthood. Journal of Gerontology, 29, 302-308.
Hunt, R.R. & Einstein, G. (1981) Relational and item-specific information in memory:. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 20, 497-514.
Hunt, R.R. & Seta, C.E. (1984) Category size effects in recall: The roles of relational and individual item information. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 10, 454-464.
Kahana, M.J. & Winfield, A. (2000) A functional relation between learning and organization in free recall. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 7, 516-521.
Kausler, D.H. (1994) Learning and memory in normal aging. San Diego: Academic Press.
Klein, S.B., Loftus, J., Kihlstrom, J.F. & Aseron, R. (1989) Effects of item specific and relational information on hypermnesic recall. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory & Cognition, 15, 1192-1197.
Light, L.L. (1991). Memory and aging: Four hypotheses in search of data, Annual Review of Psychology, 42,33-376.
Luszcz, M., Roberts, T., & Mattiske, J. (1990) Use of relational and item-specific information in remembering by older and young adults. Psychology and Aging, 5, 242-249.
Park, D.C., Smith, A.D., Dudley, W.N., & Lafronza, V.N. (1989) Effects of age and divided attention task presented during encoding and retrieval on memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 15, 6, 1185-1191.
Roenker, D.L., Thompson, C.P., & Brown, S.C. (1971) Comparison of measures for the estimation of clustering in free recall. Psychological Bulletin, 76, 1, 45-48.
Romney, A.K., Brewer, D.D., & Batchelder, W.H. (1993) Predicting clustering from semantic structure. Psychological Science, 4, 28-34.
Salthouse, TA. & Dunlosky, J. (1995) Analyses of adult age differences in associative learning. Zeischrigt für Psychology.;203, 351-60.
Sanders, R.E., Murphy, M.D., Schmitt, F.A., & Walsh, K.K. (1980) Age differences in free recall rehearsal strategies. Journal of Gerontology, 35, 550-558.
Sauzéon, H., N'Kaoua, B. & Claverie, B. (2001) Self-generated category cue effect on organizational processing in three different age groups. Current Psychology Letters: Behavior, Brain, and Cognition, 2, 65-78.
Sternberg, R.J. & Tulving, E. (1977) The measurment of subjective organization in free recall. Psychological Bulletin, 84, 3, 539-556.
Stuss, D.T., Craik, F.I.M., Sayer, L., Franchi, D., & Alexander, M.P. (1996) Comparison of older peaolple and patients with frontal lesions: Evidence from word list learning. Psychology & Aging, 11, 387-395.
Tulving, E. (1962) Subjective organization in free recall of “unrelated” words. Psychological Review, 69, 344-354.
Tulving, E. (1964) Intratrial and inter-trial retention: Notes towards a theory of free recall verbal learning. Psychological Review, 71, 219-237.
Wechsler, D. (1981). Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale Revised (French translation) Paris, Eds. du Centre de Psychologie Appliquée.
Widner, R.L., Otani, H. & Smith, A.D. (2000) Hypermnesia: Age-related differences between young and older adults. Memory & Cognition, 28, 556-564.
Witte, K.L., Freund, J.S., & Brown-Whistler, S. (1993) Adult age differences in free recall and category clustering. Experimental Aging Research, 19, 15-28.
Witte, K.L., Freund, J.S., & Sebby, R.A. (1990) Age differences in free recall and subjective organization. Psychology and Aging, 5, 307-309.
Zacks, R.T., Hasher, L., & Li, K.Z.H. (2000) Human memory. In F.I.M. Craik & T. Saltouse (Eds.) Handbook of Aging and Cognition. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, New Jersey.